Sajt namenjen LGBT populaciji

 Marry Christmas to all orthodox     /    Sretan Bozic svima pravoslavcima

 

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Božićni običaji pravoslavnih naroda

 

Pravoslavni vernici koji poštuju Julijanski kalendar, obeležavaju 6. i 7. januara Badnji dan i Božić, praznik cele porodice, koja je tada na okupu. Božić se praznuje kao uspomena na dan rođenja Gospoda Isusa Hrista, Sina Božijeg, Spasitelja sveta. To je praznik rađanja novog života, praznik dece i detinjstva, praznik roditeljstva, očinstva i materinstva. U pravoslavnom svetu običaji se razlikuju od zemlje do zemlje, a svaki narod je uneo sopstvenu tradiciju u proslavljanje praznika. U Rusiji je običaj da se porodice okupljaju za stolom na Badnje veče, a zatim sledi posebna večera bez mesa. Glavno jelo se zove "kutja". Večera se priprema od različitih vrsta žitarica koje simbolizuju nadu, uz dodatak meda i maka (simboli sreće i mira). To se smatra "Svetom večerom", a servira se na belom stolnjaku koji simbolizuje belo platno u koje je Hrist uvijen po rođenju. U prostoriju se unese nešto slame kao podsećanje na skromno okruženje u kom je Isus rođen, a velika bela sveća postavlja se na sredinu stola u znak objave da je Hrist svetlo sveta. Pravoslavci u Siriji i Egiptu Božić proslavljaju slično kao Rusi, jer su upravo ruski sveštenici doneli pravoslavlje na Bliski istok i u Afriku. U Ukrajini je najvažniji deo proslave večera na Badnje veče koju zovu Sveta večera, kada se u kuću unosi snop pšenice. Taj običaj se naziva diduh (dedin duh) i simboliše pretke i želju da godina dobro rodi. U gradskim porodicama, "diduh" je prisutan u snopovima pšenice koji se stave u vazu. U Makedoniji, 5. januara deca pevaju božićne pesme od vrata do vrata - to su kolede. Dan kasnije, na Badnje veče sledi unošenje "badnika" na kućno ognjište. Drvo se pre toga iseče na tri dela (što predstavlja Sveto trojstvo), a sva tri dela u kuću unese otac. U Gruziji na Badnje veče se čeka da sat otkuca 12 puta, a zatim počinje večera uz tradicionalno gruzijsko vino. Vernici Jerusalimske patrijaršije za Badnji dan i Božić obilno jedu slatkiše - najčešće kadaif. Suvo voće, poput urmi, kajsija, grožđa i šljiva, zajedno sa lešnicima, bademima ili orasima, takođe su popularni. Za Božić se tradicionalno spravlja poseban obrok pripremljen od jagnjećeg mesa. Ostale pravoslavne crkve i zemlje već su proslavile Badnje veče i Božić 24. i 25. decembra. U Grčkoj, koja je prešla na novi kalendar, deca na Badnje veče idu od kuće do kuće i pevaju božićne pesme, a zauzvrat dobijaju slatkiše ili novac. Za večeru koja se priprema za Badnje veče karakterističan je "Hristov hleb" ("hristopsomo"), u obliku velikih vekni različitih oblika, na čijim korama su dekoracije koje obično predstavljaju poslove kojim se porodica bavi. Za razliku od većine drugih pravoslavnih zemalja, u Grčkoj se za večeru na Badnje veče služi meso i to jagnjetina i prasetina. U Bugarskoj se za Badnje veče priprema posebna večera od 12 jela bez mesa koja simbolišu 12 meseci u godini. To su jela od pasulja, oraha i lešnika, suvih šljiva, a tu je i tradicionalni bugarski kolač - "banica". Nakon večere svi članovi porodice ustaju u isto vreme. U Rumuniji je uobičajeno žrtvovanje praseta (pečenica), ali se prase žrtvuje na dan Svetog Ignatija (20. decembar, Rumuni su prešli na novi kalendar), a biće posluženo tek na božićnoj trpezi. Veruje se da će duh praseta u narednoj godini porodici doneti blagostanje. Večera se priprema i po tri dana, i sastoji se uglavnom od prasetine na razne načine, sarmi, kobasica, a služi se i ćuretina, uz šljivovicu i vino. Posebnost rumunske božićne trpeze čini "kozonaći" - kolač sa suvim grožđem i lešnicima. Takođe je prisutan običaj da deca za Badnje veče idu od kuće do kuće i pevaju božićne pesme.

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Love is a gift we can give every day!

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year 2012.

The Christmas season is celebrated in different ways around the world, varying by country and region. Elements common to many areas of the world include the lighting of Christmas trees, the hanging of wreaths, Christmas stockings, candy canes, and/or the creation of Nativity scenes depicting the birth of Jesus Christ. Christmas carols may be sung and stories told about such figures as the Baby Jesus, St Nicholas, Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Christkindl or Grandfather Frost. The sending of Christmas cards, the exchange of Christmastime greetings, observance of fasting and/or special religious observances such as a midnight Mass or Vespers on Christmas Eve, the burning of a Yule log, and the giving and receiving of presents. Along with Easter, Christmas time is one of the most important periods on the Christian calendar, and is often closely connected to other holidays at this time of year, such as Advent, the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, St. Nicholas Day, St. Stephen's Day, New Year's, and the Feast of the Epiphany.

Eastern Europe

Since the 1880s, the Christmas customs of Eastern Europe and Eastern Slavic countries have included a similar character known as Ded Moroz ("Grandfather Frost"). According to legend, he travels in a magical sanki — a decorated sleigh drawn by reindeer (or three white horses). With his young, blond assistant Snegurochka (the "Snow Maiden", said to be his granddaughter) at his side, he visits homes and gives gifts to good children (not true for former Yugoslavian countries). He only delivers presents to children while they are asleep, and unlike Santa, he does not travel down chimneys, coming instead to the front door of children's homes. It is traditional for children to leave food for Ded Moroz. This Ded Moroz (in Russia, Ded Moroz) is not identified nor in any way associated with Saint Nicholas of Myra (feast day, December 6), who is very widely revered in Eastern Europe for his clerical and charitable works as a bishop. In all likelihood, Ded Moroz is actually in Slavic tradition like Santa Claus, any connection to the original saint having long since disappeared.

In Serbia and Macedonia Christmas is celebrated on January 7. This is a result of their Eastern Orthodox churches marking Christmas Day based on the Julian calendar, which is now 13 days behind the internationally used Gregorian calendar.

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Russia

As in some other Eastern Orthodox countries, and due to the 13-day difference between the newer Gregorian, and older Julian Calendars, Christmas is celebrated on January 7. Unlike its Western counterparts, Christmas is mainly a religious event in Russia. On Christmas Eve (6 January), there are several long services, including the Royal Hours and Vespers combined with the Divine Liturgy. The family will then return home for the traditional Chrismas Eve "Holy Supper", which consists of 12 dishes, one to honor each of the Twelve Apostles. Devout families will then return to church for the "всеночная" All Night Vigil. Then again, on Christmas Morning, for the "заутренняя" Divine Liturgy of the Nativity. The tradition of celebrating Christmas has been revived since 1992, after decades of suppression by the Communist government. Christmas is now a national holiday in Russia, as part of the ten-day holiday at the start of every new year. While Christmas is increasingly important, many Russians continue to focus on the New Year's celebration.

During the Soviet period, religious celebrations were discouraged by the officially atheist state. However, a number of Russian Christmas traditions were kept alive by shifting them to the secular New Year celebration. These include the decoration of a tree, or "yolka" (spruce, or sometimes pine), festive decorations and family gatherings, the visit by gift-giving "Dyed Moroz" (Дед Мороз "Grandfather Frost") and his granddaughter, "Snegurochka" (Снегурочка "The Snowmaiden"). Many of these were brought to Russia by Peter the Great after his Western travels in the late 17th century.